NH Conservation Status: Species of special concern, Wildlife Action Plan species in need of greatest conservation. (Click here to download the Reptiles and Amphibians section of the NH Wildlife Action Plan. (PDF, 1.5 MB.) Fowler's toad is on page 21.)
State Rank Status: Vulnerable to extirpation or extinction
Distribution: Uplands and wetlands associated with Merrimack and Connecticut Rivers
Description: A 2-3 inch toad that typically has 3 or more warts in each of the darkest large spots. Dorsal color is usually brown or gray. Has an unspotted chest and belly. Parotoid touches postorbital ridge.
Commonly Confused Species: American toad; Fowler’s toads and American toads may hybridize, producing individuals with intermediate characteristics.
Habitat: Sandy areas such as river valleys, floodplains, lakeshores, and agricultural areas. Also in pine forests, fields, and lawns.
Life History: Lays up to 8000 eggs in long strings attached to aquatic vegetation in semi-permanent water. Hibernates up to 3 feet deep in sandy soils.
Voice: A nasal, bleating w-a-a-a-a-h lasting 1-4 seconds
Conservation Threats: Habitat loss
Fowler's toad call - click "play" triangle to listen:
Fowler’s toads have 3 or more warts in each of the darkest spots, whereas American toads have 1-2 warts per dark spot. Photo by J. Jensen.
Photo by Mike Marchand.